Thursday, May 21, 2020

Sex Education And The Right Time - 880 Words

What is sex education and why do we need to have sex education in our lives? These are important questions that all of us should know about, but when is teaching sex education the right time? Do you wait until later on in high school when so many students could already be sexually active or do you start in middle school before sex is something that is considered the â€Å"normal† and â€Å"cool† thing to do? First of all, what is sex education? Sex education is the term used when teaching about human sexual anatomy, reproduction, intercourse, and humans overall sexual behavior. Our sexuality is how we express ourselves as people and one way we do that is through sex, but do we know what sex is without being educated on it? Why is it important to have sex education? This has been the debate for many years on whether or not to teach sex education in schools or if it is more the parents’ responsibility. I believe that it is very important to be teaching sex educatio n to students not only in high school, but also around the age when children reach puberty. Hopefully by teaching children at a younger age, you able to teach them how to be safe when having sex. You can’t prevent teenagers from having sex and if they want to have sex they will end up finding a way. The best thing as parents and teachers to do is encourage them to be safe and being able to talk to parents about what is happening in their life and how they can take the necessary steps to be safe. At my high school, we neverShow MoreRelatedThe Ministry Of Education s Sex Education Curriculum Essay1731 Words   |  7 PagesEducation’s Sex Education Curriculum in primary schools. The Ministry of Education’s sexual Education Curriculum includes the different topics of sexual education and places them in different levels that are appropriate for the education of students in different grades and ages. A random sample was taken from St. Joseph Roman Catholic Primary Sc hool. All responses from the participants were measured according to the Sexual Education Curriculum obtained from the Ministry of Education in Belize CityRead MoreShould Gay Marriage Be Legal Defense And Education Fund Supports Same Sex Marriage?1085 Words   |  5 Pagesis legalizing same-sex marriage. In their article, â€Å"Talking About the Freedom to Marry: Why Same-Sex Couples Should Have Equality in Marriage,† the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund supports same-sex marriage. An opposing view, is given by Robert P. George, a Princeton University professor. In his article, â€Å"The 28th Amendment: It Is Time to Protect Marriage, and Democracy, in America,† he explains why he is against same-sex marriage. The Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund concludes thatRead MoreSex Education And The Early 19th Century1204 Words   |  5 PagesSex education is instruction on issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of consent, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control, and abstinence. Sex education that covers all of these aspects is known as comprehensive sex education as opposed to the abstinence only education that only promotes abstinence. Common avenues for sex education are parents or caregivers,Read MoreSex Education And Comprehensive Sexual Education1609 Words   |  7 PagesLet s talk about sex. Stances on comprehensive sexual education vary, whether it be from religious beliefs or past experiences, different views are held throughout. It is in the interests of society in general... for every secondary school pupil to be in receipt of sexual educat ion† (Cumper 16). The phrase ‘it’s better to be safe than sorry’ applies heavily on the topic of sex education, the idea of a pregnant and STD ridden 15 year old tends to frighten a million times more than the thought ofRead MoreEssay about Why Sex Education Should Be Taught in Schools1494 Words   |  6 PagesWhy Sex Education Should Be Taught In Schools Most America teenagers are sexually active and think nothing could ever happen to them. But, many of them are misinformed about the risks that are involved in sex. Teens also dont always know the best ways to protect themselves and their partners from becoming pregnant or getting STDs. Alan Harris said, the more educated someone is the more likely they are to make responsible and informed choice for their behaviors. Sex education given byRead MoreTeenage Pregnancy And Condom Use1459 Words   |  6 PagesRogerian essay Teenage pregnancy and condom use Teenage pregnancy and condom use are one of the greatest debated and an issue that people cannot seem to agree on. While some parties feel that giving teenagers’ sex education starting from an early age will go a long way in helping curb teenage pregnancies, others feel that this only accelerates the rate at which teenagers are getting pregnant with the constant exposure to information that they use wrongly. The main concern in this topic is how toRead More Education Is Key: A Comprehensive Approach to Sex Education Essay1579 Words   |  7 PagesSex education is about informing students about sex so that they can make educated decisions when the time comes to have sex. Sex education helps students protect themselves from unintended pregnancies, STDs, and HIV/AIDS. Students should leave a sex education course with the right tools so they make informed decisions about their sexual health and well-being. The goal of sex education is to provide a student with as much information as possible so that they can use the skills they learned inRead MoreShould All Schools Adopt More Sex Education?1748 Words   |  7 Pagesmore sex education classes in schools ? Schools are reconsidering of adopting more sex educational classes in all schools mostly in high schools because kids mostly in high schools are making wrong decisions and being sexually active without the right knowledge about situatio n so that is why more schools are trying to have these type of classes. People believe more sex education classes can decrease sexual risk like teen pregnancy and reduce HIV/AIDS ( â€Å"Pro and Cons of Sex Education in School†)Read MoreShould Sex Education Be Taught?1269 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Teaching only about abstinence is like teaching ‘a driver s education course in which teachers show students grisly photos of traffic accidents but never tell them to stop at red lights or buckle their seat belts’ (Wagle). Sex education is often a hot topic of debate within the States, where high school teens often receive some form of sexual education. However, the quality of this information varies from state to state and even district to district. Although there are many different definitionsRead MoreThe Effects Of Teen Sexual Activity On The United States986 Words   |  4 Pages# of 9th Graders who say they ve had sex is 40%. In the past two decades, there has been an explosion in the # of sexually transmitted diseases. 1 2 million people are infected each year; 63 percent of them are under 25. Each year, 1 of every 10 teenage girls becomes pregnant, and more than 400,000 teenagers have abortions. 1 in 4 children is born out of wedlock, compared to 1 in 20 in 1960. We have realized that since they stopped teaching sexual education in high schools that the teen pregnancy

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Annotated Bibliography On Database Management System

Abstract: There are many restrictions on the write and read operations in database management system. These restrictions show the measurable effect on the each and every transaction in the database management system and which are due to some specific operations. The transactions are not only read that data from database all the time but sometime some transaction need to delete the data items from database and create the data items into database. Such type of transactions show high impact on concurrency control. So, we are analyzing how those transaction bias the concurrency control in database management system. Introduction: The basic problem of concurrency control is sharing the data in database at a time by many numbers of users. Due to many users accessing data at a time which causes to produce the undesirable output or system failure even the transaction is correct. This problem may not occur due to read operations. This problem is due to manipulating data in database such that performing creates, modify and write operations on data items. The delete operation has capability of deleting the data items which is similar to modify operation. And the insert operation have able to create a new data items and assign the values if data items are not exist before staring the transaction which is similar to the create and write operation in database. The delete operation can be performed on when the data items exists on database. If we perform the delete operationShow MoreRelatedAnnotated Bibliography On Database Management System Essay1014 Words   |  5 PagesPearson Cape Town Campus Introduction to Databases project Student Number: MB2014-0413 Teacher: Andrew Davies Due Date: 23/09/2016 Contents Page Page 1†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..Cover Page Page 2†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Contents Page Page 3-5†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.Question 1 Page 6-12†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Optional Access Screenshots Page 13-18†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.Question 2 Page 19†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦References and Bibliography Question 1 1.1) Database Database is defined as a set of related data inRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On Database Management Systems1207 Words   |  5 Pageseasily accessible. Finally, the invention of the computers led to the evolution of databases. Databases are important, because thanks to them humans are able to store and later on retrieve information. The way in which databases arise is very simple. It all begins as a list in a word-processing system. As the size of the list increases, the data starts to appear inconsistent. If this occurs, Database Management Systems come to help, due to the fact they can store a large amount of information in aRead MoreThe Concept Of Reference Management As Seen The Eyes Of Author Dianne Ridley1289 Words   |  6 Pagesthis study will be to discuss the concept of reference management as seen in the eyes of author Dianne Ridley. Micro finance and economics in rural areas Microfinance also known as microcredit is the provision of financial services to small businesses or groups of entrepreneurs in an effort to eradicate poverty. This is most common to developing or third world countries and is provided to people who don’t qualify for the formal banking system, in other words people without collateral, credit historyRead MoreA Research On Environmental Management And Conservation1637 Words   |  7 PagesThe following annotated bibliography covers a breath of topics under the major topic theme Environmental Management and Conservation. It was created as a starting point for building my knowledge of GIS tools used in environmental management and conservation for my concept map. The authors present an exploratory study using purposive testing among four different groups (scientist, non-scientist, agency manager and social scientist) included in the Coastal Landscape Analysis Modelling Study (CLAMS)Read MoreAnnotated Bibliography1329 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Annotated Bibliography Galen College of Nursing Annotated Bibliography Mayo Clinic (2011). Personal health record: A tool for managing your health. Retrieved from This source talks about how electronic health records makes it easy to gather and manage medical information in a secure location (Mayo Clinic, 2001, pg. 1). They explain what a health record is and what goes into it. The advantages and disadvantages toRead MoreManaging Information Security Risks: The Octave Approach1635 Words   |  6 PagesAddison-Wesley Professional, 2008 (ISBN: 978-0321509178). In this book Allen et al discusses the risk management plans for IT managers. The book notes that there is no silver bullet for information security risks. The best practices are what should be used in handling the IT risks. Berber, M.; von Solms, R.; Overbeek, P. Formalizing Information Security Requirements. Information Management and Computer Security 9, 1 (2001): 32-37. In this paper, Berber et al discusses ways of formalizing informationRead MoreInformation Systems For Business Professionals1810 Words   |  8 PagesCOIT20274: Information Systems for Business Professionals (T3, 2015) Annotated Bibliography Assignment 1 Rahul Joshi S0280273 Due date 11 December 2015 Date Submitted 11 December 2015 Tutor Dr. Robert Wu Central Queensland University Sydney, Australia Introduction: This report is prepared for Ms Toni Carlos, an owner of small business called EIA (Education In Australia). The business was establishedRead MoreUnderstanding Nursing Practices: An Assignment1480 Words   |  6 PagesA: Von Bertalaniffy. (1969). General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications (Revised Edition). George Braziller Inc. 0807604534. Everett M. Rogers: (1997). Diffusion of Innovations Theory. HYPERLINK clusters/Communication and Information clusters/Communication and Information Technology B: Drack, Manfred. (2007). On the Making of a System Theory of Life: Paul A Weiss and LudwigRead MoreA New Event Planner Entrepreneur, And New Computer Technology Essay1231 Words   |  5 Pagesinformation in an annotated bibliography. As a new event planner entrepreneur, I conducted research on what’s trending in the event planning industry and my top trends were creativity, event-driven marketing (EDM), and new computer technology. An extension of the project required an archive-based qualitative approach to one of the trends. I chose to conduct research on EDM based on the following factors: 1) EDM presented a distinct approach to direct marketing and traditional database marketing whichRead MoreImpact of Ict on Society2585 Words   |  11 PagesSISAT School of Information Systems Technology Faculty of Informatics ISIT900 Fundamentals of Contemporary Technologies Impact of ICT on Society Table of Contents PART A 1 1. Introduction 1 2. The annotations 1 2.1 Scholarly journal articles 1 2.2 Conference papers 1 2.3 Newspaper articles 1 2.4 Internet sources 1 3. Conclusion 2 Annotated Bibliographies 3 PART B (Endnote) 6 4. Introduction 6 5. The Endnote advantages 6 6. The Endnote disadvantages 7 7. The Recommendations 8

A Guide to Writing Research Papers for Every University Students Free Essays

Research papers are detailed documents containing results of an experiment or investigations. Research papers contain the details of the investigation from the gathering of data, the background of the study, materials or procedures in arriving with such conclusions and most importantly the recording and analysis of the results. According to Thomas R. We will write a custom essay sample on A Guide to Writing Research Papers for Every University Students or any similar topic only for you Order Now Brown1, research papers make statements then attempt to prove it by doing current research, it enables the student to pursue his own specific interests within a given area of study. Thus, research papers helps the student stimulate thinking in discovering and sharing his findings with the aid of a paper. There are a lot to consider in writing a research paper, the thesis statement, the citing of the references, grammar, making the necessary footnotes and of course the selection of the topic. What every student should know is that a research paper can only be realized once a topic is selected. Usually the selection of the topic depends upon the researcher and the course of subject regarding the topic he wishes to undertake. It is best to read several articles regarding the topic to understand fully the topic with no difficulty. But a researcher must bear in mind that whatever topic he chooses, he must be certain that the researcher takes interest in the topic, he must select a topic that is not too broad so that references will be easy to find and most importantly the researcher will go to extreme measures in order to complete the research sacrificing time, the use of money and the need for energy. Once a preferred topic is selected, an outline or project plan is made where random thoughts and ideas of the researcher are arranged so that the creation of the paper will easily follow. Then the researcher will make the draft. It is advisable to make the draft with the aid of the computer so that revisions and modifications will not be hard. The draft contains the research itself but it is still subjected to revisions, it also contains your thesis statement.   A   thesis statement   tells what the research paper   is about   and its significance and. 1 â€Å"the rearch paper.† Thomas R. Brown. June 12, 2004, on mywebpages. 06 Jun. 2007 what the researcher intends to verify. The thesis statement must not be too broad so that specific issues can be discussed thoroughly. In the words of Zachary M. Schurg2, a thesis is an argument that can be supported by evidence, and it must have three qualities: interpretation, precision, and surprise. In interpretation, the statement must explain what the paper intends to prove thus answering the question â€Å"why†. The second element in a thesis statement, precision, deals with the discussion of facts with accuracy which further explains the research paper. And the last element, surprise, a thesis statement must present revelations regarding the subject that the reader does not know in order to catch the researcher’s attention and give the research value. Example of a thesis statement is: Children nowadays do not stay children, effects of the society and the media may have caused such behavior in children. Since the thesis statement is indeed a statement, it must not be in a form of a question. This statement only requires two to three sentences. The thesis statement is usually found in the introductory paragraph. The only problem now is how to write the paper in such a fashion that everyone can understand it. Research papers, like all important documents containing information, follows rules in order to be understood by those who take interest in the topic. Generally the research paper, have margins of 1† on top, bottom and right side, and 1.5 â€Å"on the right side. The researcher must write with double line spacing with the exemption of quotations and the list of reference. And the paper must observe font size should be 10 points or larger, Times New Roman. Page numbers should also be observed upon making the paper and must be reflected on the upper right of the paper. The paper should be justified. And of course in writing important documents of research and information grammar should be observed to avoid ridicule and mockery of the paper. How to cite A Guide to Writing Research Papers for Every University Students, Essays

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Silk Road- Definition Essays - Americas, Western Hemisphere

Silk Road- Definition: Collective term for well-used trading routes connecting western Europe with India and China, running through the gateway city of Constantinople. Christopher Columbus Definition: Italian mariner who sailed for Spain in 1492 in search of a western route to Asia. He located San Salvador in the West Indies, opening the Americas to European exploration and colonization. Bartolomeu Dias Definition: Portuguese sailor and navigator and the first known European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa, in 1488. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Definition: Spanish monarchs who united Spain and funded Columbus's voyages to the New World beginning in 1492. Atlantic WorldDefinition : Term used to describe both the geographic region encompassing the Atlantic Ocean and the four continents of Europe, Africa, North America, and South America, as well as the interactions and relationships among the peoples of this region. feudal vassalsDefinition : Land-owning nobility tied to their lords through mutual bonds of service; a vassal defended his lord, and the lord protected and rewarded his vassals with riches and land. The lord might in turn be a vassal to another lord, and the vassal might have vassals of his own. nation- stateDefinition : A political entity with well-defined borders recognized as sovereign, stable, and indivisible. Historically, the European nation-state began to emerge during the Age of Exploration, providing a stable foundation for the actions of exploration. Age of ExplorationDefinition : Popular term (also Age of Discovery) for the period from c. 1450 to 1600 when European navigators discovered and charted new lands to the West and East. MayaDefinition : Inhabitants of the Yucatan Peninsula whose civilization was at its height from 300 to 900 AD. Their civilization included a unique system of writing, mathematics, architecture, sculpture, and astronomy. Aztecs Definition: Inhabitants of the Valley of Mexico who founded their capital, Tenochtitlan , in the early fourteenth century. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the Aztecs built a large empire in which they dominated many neighboring peoples. Their civilization included engineering, mathematics, art, and music. Iroquois ConfederacyDefinition : Indian group located in central New York State. Five tribesthe Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas , and Senecas formed the Iroquois Confederacy. Matrilineal Definition: A system in which family membership and heredity pass from mother to children. SonghaiDefinition : Dominant West African state in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Askia Mohammed (ruled 1493-1528) expanded the empire; reformed government, banking, and education; and adopted Islamic law. Prince Henry "the Navigator" (1394-1460) Definition: Henry "the Navigator" of Portugal, who established a school for navigators and geographers. He sought to increase the power of Portugal by promoting exploration of trade routes to the East by way of Africa. caravelDefinition : Type of ship developed around 1450 employing technology that would let it travel farther into uncharted waters and withstand the rough seas of the open Atlantic. astrolabeDefinition : Navigation instrument for estimating latitude by measuring the distance of the sun and stars from the horizon. Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Definition: Agreement between Spain and Portugalarbitrated by Pope Alexander VI in 1494, renegotiated later on Portugal's initiative, and sanctioned by Pope Julius II in 1506splitting all newly discovered lands of the New World between those two nations alone. Amerigo VespucciDefinition : Italian navigator and cartographer who first identified South America as a continent in 1502. Northwest PassageDefinition : Fabled water route sought by explorers as an alternative route to reach the Far East by going north of North America. Despite explorers' hopes for finding such a shortcut, the Northwest Passage did not in fact exist where they could find it; it was blocked by Arctic ice until 2007. Christopher Columbus (c. 1451-May 20, 1506) Definition: Italian mariner who sailed for Spain in 1492 in search of a western route to Asia. He located San Salvador in the West Indies, opening the Americas to European exploration and colonization. Bartolomeu Dias (c. 1451-May 29, 1500) Definition: Portuguese sailor and navigator and the first known European to sail around the southernmost tip of Africa, in 1488. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454-February 22, 1512) Definition: Italian navigator and cartographer who first identified South America as a continent in 1502. Before crossing the Atlantic, many European ships stopped in Africa,

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Booker T. Washington, Early Black Leader and Educator

Booker T. Washington, Early Black Leader and Educator Booker T. Washington (April 5, 1856–November 14, 1915) was a prominent black educator, author, and leader of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born into slavery, Washington rose to a position of power and influence, founding the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1881 and overseeing its growth into a well-respected black university. Washington was a controversial figure in his time and since, criticized for being too accommodating on the issues of segregation and equal rights. Fast Facts: Booker T. Washington Known For: Born a slave, Washington became a prominent black educator and leader during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, founding the Tuskegee Institute.Also Known As: Booker Taliaferro Washington; The Great AccommodatorBorn: April 5, 1856 (the only record of this birthdate was in a now-lost family Bible) in Hales Ford, VirginiaParents: Jane and unknown father, described in Washingtons autobiography as a white man who lived on one of the nearby plantations.Died: November 14, 1915 in Tuskegee, AlabamaEducation: As a child laborer, after the Civil War, Washington attended school at night and then school for one hour a day. At 16, he attended the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. He attended the Wayland Seminary for six months.Published Works:  Up From Slavery, The Story of My Life and Work, The Story of the Negro: The Rise of the Race from Slavery, My Larger Education, The Man Farthest DownAwards and Honors: First black American to receive an honorary degree from Harv ard University (1896). First black American invited to dine at the White House, with President Theodore Roosevelt (1901).Spouses: Fanny Norton Smith Washington, Olivia Davidson Washington, Margaret Murray WashingtonChildren: Portia, Booker T. Jr., Ernest, adopted niece of Margaret Murray WashingtonNotable Quote: In all things that are purely social we [blacks and whites] can be separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress. Early Life Booker T. Washington was born in April 1856 on a small farm in Hales Ford, Virginia. He was given the middle name Taliaferro but no last name. His mother Jane was a slave and worked as the plantation cook.  In Washingtons autobiography, he wrote that his father- whom he never knew - was a white man, possibly from a neighboring plantation. Booker had an older brother, John, also fathered by a white man. Jane and her sons occupied a tiny, one-room cabin. Their dreary home lacked proper windows and had no beds for its occupants. Bookers family rarely had enough to eat and sometimes resorted to theft to supplement their meager provisions. Around 1860, Jane married Washington Ferguson, a slave from a nearby plantation. Booker later took the first name of his stepfather as his last name. During the Civil War, the slaves on Bookers plantation, like many slaves in the South, continued to work for the owner even after the issuance of Lincolns 1863 Emancipation Proclamation. In 1865 after the war ended, Booker T. Washington and his family moved to Malden, West Virginia, where Bookers stepfather had found a job as a salt packer for the local salt works. Working in the Mines Living conditions in their new home were no better than those back at the plantation. Nine-year-old Booker worked alongside their stepfather packing salt into barrels. He despised the work but did learn to recognize numbers by taking note of those written on the sides of the salt barrels. Like many former slaves during the post-Civil War era, Booker longed to learn how to read and write. When a black school opened in a nearby community, Booker begged to go. His stepfather refused, insisting that the family needed the money he brought in from the salt packing. Booker eventually found a way to attend school at night. When he was 10, his stepfather took him out of school and sent him to work in the nearby coal mines. From  Miner to Student In 1868, 12-year-old Booker T. Washington found a job as a houseboy in the home of the wealthiest couple in Malden, General Lewis Ruffner, and his wife Viola. Mrs. Ruffner was known for her high standards and strict manner. Washington, responsible for cleaning the house and other chores, impressed Mrs. Ruffner, a former teacher, with his sense of purpose and a commitment to improving himself. She allowed him to attend school for an hour a day. Determined to continue his education, 16-year-old Washington left the Ruffner household in 1872 to attend Hampton Institute, a school for blacks in Virginia. After traveling over 300 miles- by train, stagecoach, and on foot- Washington arrived at Hampton Institute in October of that year. Miss Mackie, the principal at Hampton, was not entirely convinced that the young country boy deserved a place at her school. She asked Washington to clean and sweep a recitation room for her; he did the job so thoroughly that Miss Mackie pronounced him fit for admission. In his memoir Up From Slavery, Washington later referred to that experience as his college examination. Hampton Institute To pay his room and board, Washington worked as a janitor at Hampton Institute. Rising early in the morning to build the fires in the school rooms, Washington also stayed up late every night to complete his chores and work on his studies. Washington greatly admired the headmaster at Hampton, General Samuel C. Armstrong, and considered him his mentor and role model. Armstrong, a veteran of the Civil War, ran the institute like a military academy, conducting daily drills and inspections. Although academic studies were offered at Hampton, Armstrong placed emphasis on teaching trades. Washington embraced all that Hampton Institute offered him, but he was drawn to a teaching career rather than a trade. He worked on his oratory skills, becoming a valued member of the schools debate society. At his 1875 commencement, Washington was among those called upon to speak. A reporter from The New York Times was present at the commencement and praised the speech given by 19-year-old Washington in his column the following day. First Teaching Job Booker T. Washington returned to Malden after his graduation with his newly acquired teaching certificate. He was hired to teach at the school in Tinkersville, the same school he had himself attended before Hampton Institute. By 1876, Washington was teaching hundreds of students- children during the day and adults at night. During his early years of teaching, Washington developed a philosophy toward the advancement of blacks. He believed in achieving the betterment of his race by strengthening the character of his students and teaching them a useful trade or occupation. By doing so, Washington believed, blacks would assimilate more easily into white society, proving themselves an essential part of that society. After three years of teaching, Washington appears to have gone through a period of uncertainty in his early 20s. He abruptly and inexplicably quit his post, enrolling in a Baptist theological school in Washington, D.C. Washington quit after only six months and rarely ever mentioned this period of his life. Tuskegee Institute In February 1879, Washington was invited by General Armstrong to give the spring commencement speech at Hampton Institute that year. His speech was so impressive and so well received that Armstrong offered him a teaching position at his alma mater. Washington began teaching night classes in the fall of 1879. Within months of his arrival at Hampton, night enrollment tripled. In 1881, General Armstrong was asked by a group of educational commissioners from Tuskegee, Alabama for the name of a qualified white man to run their new school for blacks. The general instead suggested Washington for the job. At only 25 years old, former slave Booker T. Washington became the principal of what would become Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. When he arrived at Tuskegee in June 1881, however, Washington found that the school had not yet been built. State funding was earmarked only for teachers salaries, not for supplies or the building of the facility. Washington quickly found a suitable plot of farmland for his school and raised enough money for a down payment. Until he could secure the deed to that land, he held classes in an old shack adjacent to a black Methodist church. The first classes began an astonishing 10 days after Washingtons arrival. Gradually, once the farm was paid for, the students enrolled at the school helped repair the buildings, clear the land, and plant vegetable gardens. Washington received books and supplies donated by his friends at Hampton. As word spread of the great strides made by Washington at Tuskegee, donations began to come in, mainly from people in the north who supported the education of freed slaves. Washington went on a fundraising tour throughout the northern states, speaking to church groups and other organizations. By May 1882, he had collected enough money to construct a large new building on the Tuskegee campus. (During the schools first 20 years, 40 new buildings would be constructed on campus, most of them by student labor.) Marriage, Fatherhood, and Loss In August 1882, Washington married Fanny Smith, a young woman who had just graduated from Hampton. A great asset to her husband, Fanny became very successful at raising money for Tuskegee Institute and arranged many dinners and benefits. In 1883, Fanny gave birth to the couples daughter Portia. Sadly, Washingtons wife died the following year of unknown causes, leaving him a widower at only 28 years old. In 1885, Washington married again. His new wife, 31-year-old Olivia Davidson, was the lady principal of Tuskegee at the time of their marriage. (Washington held the title administrator.) They had two children together- Booker T. Jr. (born in 1885) and Ernest (born in 1889). Olivia Washington developed health problems after the birth of their second child and she died of a respiratory ailment in 1889 at the age of 34. Washington had lost two wives within a period of only six years. Washington married his third wife, Margaret Murray, in 1892. She, too, was the lady principal at Tuskegee. She helped Washington run the school and care for his children and accompanied him on his many fundraising tours. In later years, she was active in several black womens organizations. Margaret and Washington were married until his death. They had no biological children together but adopted Margarets orphaned niece in 1904. The Growth of Tuskegee Institute As Tuskegee Institute continued to grow both in enrollment and in reputation, Washington nonetheless found himself in the constant struggle of trying to raise money to keep the school afloat. Gradually, however, the school gained statewide recognition and became a source of pride for Alabamans, leading the Alabama legislature to allocate more funds toward the salaries of instructors. The school also received grants from philanthropic foundations that supported education for blacks. Tuskegee Institute offered academic courses but placed the greatest emphasis on industrial education, focusing on practical skills that would be valued in the southern economy such as farming, carpentry, blacksmithing, and building construction. Young women were taught housekeeping, sewing, and mattress-making. Always on the lookout for new money-making ventures, Washington conceived the idea that Tuskegee Institute could teach brick-making to its students, and eventually make money selling its bricks to the community. Despite several failures in the early stages of the project, Washington persisted- and eventually succeeded. The Atlanta Compromise Speech By the 1890s, Washington had become a well-known and popular speaker, although his speeches were considered controversial by some. For instance, he delivered a speech at Fisk University in Nashville in 1890 in which he criticized black ministers as uneducated and morally unfit. His remarks generated a firestorm of criticism from the black community, but he refused to retract any of his statements. In 1895, Washington delivered the speech that brought him great fame. Speaking in Atlanta at the Cotton States and International Exposition, Washington addressed the issue of racial relations in the United States. The speech came to be known as The Atlanta Compromise. Washington expressed his firm belief that blacks and whites should work together to achieve economic prosperity and racial harmony. He urged southern whites to give black businessmen a chance to succeed in their endeavors. What Washington did not support, however, was any form of legislation that would promote or mandate racial integration or equal rights. In a nod to segregation, Washington proclaimed: In all things that are purely social, we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress. His speech was widely praised by southern whites, but many in the black community were critical of his message and accused Washington of being too accommodating to whites, earning him the name The Great Accommodator. Tour of Europe and Autobiography Washington gained international acclaim during a tour of Europe in 1899. Washington gave speeches to various organizations and socialized with leaders and celebrities, including Queen Victoria and Mark Twain. Before leaving for the trip, Washington stirred up controversy when asked to comment upon the murder of a black man in Georgia who had been strung up and burned alive. He declined to comment on the horrific incident, adding that he believed that education would prove to be the cure for such actions. His tepid response was condemned by many black Americans. In 1900, Washington formed the National Negro Business League (NNBL), with the goal of promoting black-owned businesses. The following year, Washington published his successful autobiography, Up From Slavery. The popular book found its way into the hands of several philanthropists, resulting in many large donations to Tuskegee Institute. Washingtons autobiography remains in print to this day and is considered by many historians to be one of the most inspirational books written by a black American. The stellar reputation of the institute brought in many notable speakers, including industrialist Andrew Carnegie and feminist Susan B. Anthony. Famed agricultural scientist George Washington Carver became a member of the faculty and taught at Tuskegee for nearly 50 years. Dinner With President Roosevelt Washington found himself at the center of controversy once again in October 1901, when he accepted an invitation from President Theodore Roosevelt to dine at the White House. Roosevelt had long admired Washington and had even sought his advice on a few occasions. Roosevelt felt it only fitting that he invite Washington to dinner. But the very notion that the president had dined with a black man at the White House created a furor among whites- both northerners and southerners. (Many blacks, however, took it as a sign of progress in the quest for racial equality.) Roosevelt, stung by the criticism, never again issued an invitation. Washington benefited from the experience, which seemed to seal his status as the most important black man in America. Later Years Washington continued to draw criticism for his accommodationist policies. Two of his greatest critics were William Monroe Trotter, a prominent black newspaper editor and activist, and W.E.B. Du Bois, a black faculty member at Atlanta University. Du Bois criticized Washington for his narrow views on the race issue and for his reluctance to promote an academically strong education for blacks. Washington saw his power and relevance dwindle in his later years. As he traveled around the globe giving speeches, Washington seemed to ignore glaring problems in America, such as race riots, lynchings, and the disenfranchisement of black voters in many southern states. Although Washington later spoke out more forcefully against discrimination, many blacks would not forgive him for his willingness to compromise with whites at the cost of racial equality. At best, he was viewed as a relic from another era; at worst, a hindrance to the advancement of his race. Death Washingtons frequent travel and busy lifestyle eventually took a toll on his health. He developed high blood pressure and kidney disease in his 50s and became seriously ill while on a trip to New York in November 1915. Insisting that he die at home, Washington boarded a train with his wife for Tuskegee. He was unconscious when they arrived and died a few hours later on November 14, 1915, at the age of 59. Booker T. Washington was buried on a hill overlooking the Tuskegee campus in a brick tomb built by students. Legacy From a slave to the founder of a black university, Booker T. Washingtons life traces the vast changes undergone and distances traversed by black Americans after the Civil War and into the twentieth century. He was an educator, prolific writer, orator, adviser to presidents, and considered the most prominent black American at the height of his career. His accommodationist approach to advancing the economic lives and rights of black in America was controversial even in its own time and remains controversial to this day. Sources Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856–1901. Oxford, 1972.Wells, Jeremy. â€Å"Booker T. Washington (1856–1915).† Encyclopedia Virginia.

Monday, March 2, 2020

The Names of Colors in Italian

The Names of Colors in Italian You want to tell your friend the color of the Vespa you want to buy, the type of wine you were drinking, or the hue of the sky while you were on a hilltop in Florence, but how do you say the colors in Italian? To start, here are the most common thirteen along with a list of subtle and unique  blends. Basic Colors Red – Rosso Lei porta sempre un rossetto rosso. - She always wears red lipstick. Pink – Rosa Ho comprato un vestito rosa per la festa. - I bought a pink dress for the party. Purple – Viola Ho dipinto le unghie di viola. - I painted my nails purple. TIP: Unlike other colors, you don’t have to change the ending of â€Å"rosa† or â€Å"viola† to match the object it’s describing. Orange – Arancione La sua macchina nuova à ¨ arancione ed à ¨ troppo sgargiante per i miei gusti. - Her new car is orange, and it’s too bright for my tastes. Yellow – Giallo Stava leggendo un giallo con una copertina gialla. - He was reading a mystery novel with a yellow cover. TIP: â€Å"Un giallo† is also a mystery novel or thriller. Green – Verde Mi piace vivere in Toscana, in mezzo al verde. - I like living in Tuscany, in the middle of the green. Blue – Azzurro Ho gli occhi azzurri. - I have blue eyes. Silver – Argento Gli ho regalato un cucchiaio d’argento per la loro collezione. - I gifted them a tiny, silver spoon for their collection. Gold – Oro Cerco una collana d’oro. - I’m looking for a gold necklace. Gray – Grigio Il cielo à ¨ cosà ¬ grigio oggi. - The sky is so gray today. White – Bianco Non voglio indossare un vestito da sposa bianco, ne preferisco uno rosso! - I don’t want to wear a white wedding dress, I prefer a red one! Black – Nero Calimero à ¨ un pulcino tutto nero con un cappellino bianco in testa. - Calimero is a black chick with a white little cap on his head. Brown – Marrone Mamma mia, lei à ¨ bellissima, ha gli occhi marroni e lunghi capelli castani. - Oh my goodness, she’s beautiful, she has brown eyes and long, brown hair. TIP: You would use â€Å"marrone† to describe the color of someone’s eyes, like â€Å"gli occhi marroni†, and you would use â€Å"castano† to describe the color of someone’s hair â€Å"i capelli castani†. Dark Colors If you want to talk about dark shades, you can just add the word scuro at the end of each color. Dark red – Rosso scuroDark green – Verde scuroDark blue - Blu TIP: â€Å"Blu† is understood all its own to be a darker shade. Light Colors Here are some lighter shades: Baby blue – CelesteBaby pink – Rosa confettoLight green - Verde chiaroLight blue - Azzurro TIP: Like â€Å"blu†, â€Å"azzurro† on its own is usually understood as light blue. Unique Colors Shiny/glossy red – Rosso lucido Stavo pensando di comprare una Vespa di color rosso lucido, che ne pensi? - I was thinking about buying a shiny red Vespa, what do you think? Vermilion red - Rosso vermiglione Rimango sempre affascinata dalla tonalit di rosso vermiglione dei dipinti di Caravaggio. - I’m always attracted by the red vermilion shade used by Caravaggio in his paintings. Hot pink – Rosa shocking Non mi piacciono per niente i vestiti di colore rosa shocking, non sono eleganti. - I don’t like hot pink clothes at all, they’re not elegant. Blue green – Verde acqua Mi sono innamorato dei suoi occhi verde acqua. - I fell in love with her blue green eyes. Lilac – Lilla Il lilla à ¨ un colore davvero rilassante. - The color lilac is really relaxing. Maroon – Bordeaux Il mio colore preferito à ¨ bordeaux. - My favorite color is maroon. Hazel brown – Nocciola Ho comprato le lenti a contatto affinchà © potrei avere degli occhi color nocciola. - I bought contact lenses so that I could have hazel brown eyes. Italian Expressions with Colors Heart of gold – Cuore d’oroNot all that glitters is gold. – Non à ¨ tutto oro quel che luccica.Sweet dreams – Sogni d’oroBlack sheep (of the family) - La pecora nera

Friday, February 14, 2020

Discuss the law of consent to treatment and the law of negligence Assignment

Discuss the law of consent to treatment and the law of negligence - Assignment Example According to the law of consent to treatment and health care directives act, every person seeking medical attention has a right to: permit or refuse to give consent to health practitioners on whatever reason (Corfield, Granne, & Sayer, 2009). In addition, they may choose the best treatment among provided treatment methodologies, given assistance by qualified medical practitioner, and be involved in decision making on any medical practices to be performed on him or her (Hockton, 2002). For this law to be valid, various factors should be put into deliberation. For example, the person issuing the consents should be provided with all necessary information on the medical procedure to be undertaken (Thornton, 2008). It should be able to address, the benefits, side effects of treatment, and indicate other alternatives (Rozovsky, 2003). The consent be given voluntarily with the patient and not forced of him. It should be understandable to help the patient make an informed decision (Bartlett, 2008). However, there are cases in which treatment of a patient may go on with or without their consent. This include (a) Supplementary actions; this is mostly prominent in surgery processes where during an operation the surgeon might encounter an extra problem that needs an additional procedure, here the surgeon has no choice but to go ahead and perform the process for he cannot waken the patient to approve the consent (Herring, 2010). A choice made in the interest of the suffering patient. (b) Emergency treatment; this happens mostly during emergencies e.g. When a patient is unconscious and cannot provide a consent, the medical practitioners will provide treatment and after consciousness is regained by the patient all reasons on why the treatment was given (Rozovsky, 2000). (c) Risk to the public; a person can be held on the hospital unwillingly until he or she has fully recovered if the person has an infectious disease that can a public health risk. (d) Mental condition; mental disoriented persons can be held either willingly or unwillingly in hospital without their consent, this differs globally according to laws of the given land (Dimond, 2008). Treatment given to such people must for their wellbeing. (e) Changes in capacity; a patient’s capacity to consent can change. There are different reasons that might affect a person’s capacity to give consent to treatment. Issues like panic, extreme tiredness, instant shock, patients under drug and unstable medical conditions such as schizophrenia influence are usually not fit to give medical consents (Bartlett, 2008). Such persons are advised to make early decisions on the treatment they would prefer in case of future incapacity (Dimond, 2008). Negligence; this implies failure to act with the prudence that a rational individual would exercise under the same conditions. The law of negligence states that a person or an institution is liable for any Injury caused negligently on the person seeking servi ces from the person or organization (James, & Deeley, 2002). Medical negligence or medical malpractices are terms used to indicate a negligent act by either medical practitioner or medical facility that leads to injury (Bartlett, 2008). When such injury arises the affected party can take legal action and such cases fall below the category of individual injury law. In many jurisdictions, there certain approved standards that people should receive. In case of irresponsible or erroneous